What is Craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis is a condition which the suture lines in the skull closed prematurely. This results in the deformity and abnormal growth of the skull. The usual cause is either bone ossification defects or failure of the brain to grow normally. Genetic factors are considered but the cause is still unknown. Craniosynostosis is a common conditionContinue reading “What is Craniosynostosis?”

Biology Photo: The Emerging Ebola Virus

In 1976, the Ebola virus was identified in central Africa and is currently one of the many emerging viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever. This type of fever has symptoms that include fever, massive bleeding, bruising, red eyes, headache, internal bleeding, bleeding from the nose, red spots on skin, diarrhea, and vomiting with blood. Hemorrhagic feverContinue reading “Biology Photo: The Emerging Ebola Virus”

Common Pathogenic Bacteria

Bacteria are found everywhere and they can be either good or pathogenic. It may be a good time to know which ones are the adversaries and understand what disease they cause. Below is a list of common bacteria that cause illness in humans. Ladies and gentlemen, meet your pathogens. Bordetella pertussis: Bacteria that causes pertussisContinue reading “Common Pathogenic Bacteria”

Cystic Fibrosis Disease

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that damages the lungs causing difficulty in breathing and chronic pulmonary infections. The disease also affects other organs such as liver, pancreas, and intestines. Half a century ago, the outcome for children with cystic fibrosis was very depressing. These children do not live for more than 10 years, butContinue reading “Cystic Fibrosis Disease”

Acidosis and Alkalosis

Acidosis is a condition of the body where the acidity in the blood is excessive. One of the common causes of acidosis is the reduced effectiveness of breathing especially when exhaling because it builds up carbon dioxide in the bloodstream. Metabolic problems that reduces the level of buffers and the promotion of acids in bloodContinue reading “Acidosis and Alkalosis”

Goat Makes Antithrombin

A human DNA gene for making the blood protein antithrombin was introduced into a goat shown in the photo. Antithrombin is an enzyme that inhibits blood clotting. The goat can secrete milk that contains the protein which can help patients suffering from a rare hereditary disorder that causes thrombophilia, a high tendency to form bloodContinue reading “Goat Makes Antithrombin”

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Linked To Sepsis Death Cases

Fecal microbiota transplantation or FMT is an emerging medical procedure which a stool from a healthy donor is transferred into the digestive tract of a patient suffering Clostridium difficile colitis, an infection of the colon caused by Clostridium difficile bacteria. When an antibiotic (usually broad-spectrum), eliminates bacteria including the microbiome (the good bacteria) in theContinue reading “Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Linked To Sepsis Death Cases”

What is Decompression Sickness or DCS?

A condition known as decompression sickness (DCS) occurs when there is a decrease in pressure on the body and gases are no longer dissolved in blood. The condition affects divers who dives at a very deep high pressure waters and surfaces quickly to a low pressure area. This is similar to the bubbles of gasesContinue reading “What is Decompression Sickness or DCS?”